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Since the birth of art throughout the ages, different schools or styles of painting have been developed and used by different artists all over the world. These are Baroque, Abstract Expressionism, Cloisonnism, Cubism, Expressionism, Fauvism, Neo-Impressionism, Op Art, Pointillism, Pop Art, Primitive, and Surrealism.

Baroque - The style of European art from the late 16th to early 18th century characterised by extensive ornamentation. A style in art that used exaggerated motion and abundant detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance, and grandeur from sculpture, painting, literature, and music.

Abstract Expressionism - An art movement, primarily in painting, that originated in the United States in the 1940s and remained strong through the 1950s. It stressed the physical act of painting as a means of expression and was sometimes called action painting. Artists working in this style applied paint freely with sweeping, flinging, and dripping gestures in an effort to express their subconscious emotions.

Cloisonnism - A painting style involving flat colors separated by strong blue or black outlines in the manner of cloisonné enamel, used extensively by the post-impressionists. Cloisonnism was invented by mile Bernard, Paul Gauguin, and other French artists in the late 19th Century.

Cubism - An artistic movement developed in 1908 by Picasso and Braque whereby the artist breaks down the natural forms of the subjects into geometric shapes and creates a new kind of pictorial space. Analytic cubism presented different views of an object simultaneously and stressed geometric forms and neutral tones. Synthetic cubism, a later stage, reintroduced color and elements of collage.

Expressionism, Fauvism - An art movement of the early 20th century that invloves distorted appearances to communicate inner emotional states. Expressionism is a style of art in which the intention is not to reproduce a subject accurately, but instead to portray it in such a way as to express the inner state of the artist.

Neo-Impressionism - Neoimpressionism was a late-19th century art movement led by Georges Seurat and Paul Signac who exhibited their early work in 1884 at the exhibition of the Societ des Artistes Ind pendents in Paris. Due to the extreme similarity and similar backgrounds of Pointillism and Neoimpressionism, both styles may be referred to solely as Pointillism.

Op Art - From the early 1960's, this art form uses arbitrary patterns of shape, color, and value to create optical illusions or effects to suggest movement. The name was coined in the 1970’s for a style popular in 1947 employing optical illusion by juxtaposing colour and line in geometric patterns that seem to come alive.

Pointillism - Developed by French artist Georges Seurat in the 1880s, this system of painting uses tiny dots or "points" of color to compose forms that are visible to the viewer only from a distance where the eye blends the points to create such forms or objects.

Pop Art - An artistic style that features images of the popular culture such as comic strips, magazine ads, and supermarket products. This art emerged in the 1960s in the city of New York after starting in London during the 1950s.

Primitive - This art style evokes an imagery of folk art and places emphasis on form and expression. Primitive art has an awkward relationship to the formal qualities of painting.

Surrealism - An artistic movement that developed in Europe in the 1920's. SUrrealism uses illogical, dreamlike images and events to suggest the unconscious.